Episode 5

Published on:

30th Mar 2022

S5 Ep 5 IMRaD and Friends

IMRaD, or Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (and Conclusion) has become something of a Gold Standard for scientific, peer-reviewed writing. Because of this 'standardization' of science writing structure, IMRaD can be taken for granted, meaning that students might not receive enough information on when and why to use IMRaD.

So why do we use IMRaD? How much flexibility is there in the IMRaD structure? What if I don't have explicitly research methods? Are there any alternatives to IMRaD, and if so, what are they and when should I use alternative structures?

If you have ever wanted an answer to such questions, you've come to the right place.


A fifty-year study of IMRaD (Article Clay cites in the episode): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC442179/

Visual resource of IMRaD construction: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257616774_Improving_the_writing_of_research_papers_IMRAD_and_beyond/figures?lo=1

Writing a Research Paper in the Natural Sciences: http://ctl.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Schultz_ResearchPaper_NaturalSciences_formatted.pdf

Research Guide for Writing in the Social Sciences (Use the Left side Menu to access resources on the page): https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/purpose

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About the Podcast

It's going to be all write
Discussions about scientific and academic writing with Niklas and Clay
Niklas and Clay want to make scientific and academic writing enjoyable. We're Academic Writing Advisors at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, and we're sharing our ideas and experiences about scientific writing. Our goal is to demystify writing processes, share tips to improve writing practices, and explore our own thoughts on challenges and opportunities in the field of academic communication for undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate students.

About your hosts

Clayton Gouin

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Clayton is a Ph.D candidate and Senior Writing Advisor at the NMBU Writing Centre

Niklas Mintorovitch

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Niklas is the NMBU Writing Centre Coordinator